What is ancestor money?
Copper coins-shaped pieces of paper burned by people to the dead, ghosts and gods.
It can also be thrown or hung in the cemetery. There are round square holes in the shape like copper coins, and some coins are punched on paper.
Song Taoyu’s “Qing Yi Lu” states: Zhou Shizong Chai Rong’s burial day was incinerated with symbolic gold and silver. The paper money was in the shape of a bowl with seals, and the yellow seal was called “Quantai Shangbao”.
The white paper is called “Mingyou Yabao”, which shows that paper money has been mass-produced by engraving printing in the fifth generation. From the Wei and Jin Dynasties, paper money was used for funerals. In the Tang Dynasty, from the princes to the common people, burning paper money for funerals prevailed. ”
There is a poem: “Whoever makes paper money or paper money, people can’t use ghosts for fun. A trace of hanging on the barren grave, the pear blossom wind will bring sorrow and cold.”
. The change from burying money to burning money may have something to do with Buddhism. Scholars believe that with the introduction of Buddhism, money burning has become popular.
Therefore, it can be seen that the origin of burning paper money should be influenced by Indian Buddhist customs.
Indians believe that fire can be used to deliver sacrifices to ghosts and gods. For example, the fire god Ajini in Brahmanism has the ability to deliver items.
Religious beliefs and the corresponding changes in consciousness are the ideological prerequisites for the emergence of paper coins. The root of Mingbi is planted on the custom of burial of real wealth by the Chinese nation, and it was originally a product of Chinese local culture.
After the Eastern Han Dynasty, as Buddhism spread from India, Buddhist ideas and ancient Indian social customs were also introduced to China accordingly. Buddhism advocates that “the four are all empty” and unselfish wealth. The body of the believer is incinerated after death, in order to save the soul and transfer the soul to the world of bliss.
With the widespread popularity of Buddhism in China, these Buddhist customs and ideological understandings have to some extent downplayed the Chinese traditional consciousness of burial with real wealth.
The “incineration” is full of Buddhism and is said to be a cause of “incineration”. The new concept of the role of “present world” transferring to “underworld” has gradually been accepted by people. This has greatly promoted the transformation of Ming artifacts, including Mingbi.
After the Tang and Song dynasties, the most common metal or pottery Ming wares used in basic burials in the past were greatly reduced.
The pottery houses, pottery barns, pottery carts, pottery stoves, pottery figurines, pottery animals, and the paper people, paper horses, etc. who were torched at the funeral. Paper houses and other paper light fixtures are replaced.
The paper meditation coin derived from the hard meditation coin, on the one hand, can satisfy people’s psychological needs of sacrificing money formally, and on the other hand, through the sacred burning, it is transformed into the meditation world in the hearts of relatives. money.
The earliest real paper money was unearthed in the Tomb of Tang in Astana, Xingu, Turpan. The ninth issue of 1990 (cultural relics) detailed the paper coins found in the tomb of Zhou’s family in De’an, Jiangxi.
The ancestor money coins of Zhou’s tomb are housed in an unfolded spider-shaped purse. The money coins are cut out of yellow paper and have round square holes. Some of them are printed with the word “卍”. The word “卍” is pronounced “10,000” in Buddhism. A symbol of good luck in China and Kyrgyzstan, this type of money may be the “Van Yin money” mentioned in the literature. The “Van Yin money” is said to be a currency commonly used in the Buddhist country.
Buddhism has prevailed in China since the Wei and Jin Dynasties. The theory of karma, reincarnation, and hell brought about by the eastward spread of Buddhism enabled people to learn about the various worlds on the other side and enriched their imagination of the world after death.
The introduction of Buddhism into China preached the immortal karma of the soul, and used paper money in funerals to survive the moment of death and pay homage to the dead. Moreover, influenced by Buddhism, a large number of works dedicated to depicting the situation of the underworld and hell have been produced, such as the strange and strange novels since the Wei, Jin, Southern and Northern Dynasties.
The production of such novels and the propaganda of a large number of storytellers and Buddhists have caused the people from the common people to the emperors to believe in Buddhism and the existence of the other side of the world.
“Since the Wei and Jin Dynasties, due to the introduction of Buddhism, the Buddhism funeral custom has also begun to spread widely among the people. Buddhism Xuanzun Chabi cremation method, so instead of burning paper money.
When going for funerals, the family members of the mobile coffin will go ahead and spread the joss paper on the road, the name is to buy road money.
“Joss paper money” has different types. According to historical records, there are three types.
The first is the most ancient “playing money“, which is to use a wooden mallet and an iron money mold to punch the shape of the money on the earthen paper;
The second type is “cutting money“, which is the “money for buying roads” as the saying goes. It is cut from earth paper into squares, pasted with gold and silver paper foil, or folded into ingots of ingots to resemble gold and silver;
The third type is “printing money“, which is imitation of modern banknotes and silver dollars, printed with the amount of “Pluto Bank” and various figures. Just like the paper money circulating in the world. Paper money came into being because the ancients believed in the immortality of the soul.
They believed that there was a heaven and an underground world, and the dead relatives had to use paper money in the heaven or the underground world.
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